The nation celebrates the 52nd Independence Day and National Day today in a dignified manner.
The government took elaborate programs marking independence and the national holiday.
President Md Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina sent separate messages conveying heartfelt greetings and warm congratulations to compatriots living both in the country and abroad on the eve of the day.
The day’s programs began with early morning gun salutes in deep respect for the heroic struggle of this nation, which has endured prolonged submission under foreign rulers from time to time until it was granted its cherished independence in 1971.
The national flag is hoisted on top of all governmental, semi-governmental, self-governing and private buildings with the sunrises while all streets and major intersections in the city are decorated with national and multicolored miniature flags and swags.
Important buildings and establishments as well as city streets and islands were illuminated with colored lights.
The National Savar Martyrs’ Memorial became the main venue for the celebration of the day.
President Md Abdul Hamid and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina laid wreaths early in the morning as a sign of deep respect for the memory of the martyrs.
People from all walks of life including families of Bir Shreshthas, war injured freedom fighters, members of the diplomatic corps, leaders of different political parties, social, cultural and professional organizations also laid wreaths at the national memorial on the morning of the day. .
National dailies have published special supplements while Bangladesh Betar, Bangladesh Television, private radio stations and television channels air month-long specials on the liberation war and highlight the day’s significance.
Bangladesh Shilpakala Academy, Bangla Academy, National Museum, Liberation War Museum, Bangladesh Shishu Academy and other social and cultural organizations organized talks, cultural programs and sports competitions while children’s painting contests, essay and debate contests were held virtually.
Documentaries and films based on the liberation war are shown in theaters across the country.
A reception will be given to freedom fighters and members of martyred freedom fighters at the city, zilla and upazila levels, while the Bangladesh Post Office has issued commemorative postage stamps.
Special prayers are offered in all mosques, temples, churches and other places of worship across the country seeking divine blessings for the eternal peace of the deceased souls of the Father of the Nation, four national leaders, martyrs of war of liberation and of all the other patriot sons of the earth.
Doa mahfil (special prayers) will be held in mosques across the country, including the Baitul Mukarram National Mosque after the Zohr prayer.
Christian community members held special prayers at Tejgaon Church and Mirpur Baptist Church (3/7-a Senpara Parbata, Mirpur-10), Buddhist community members at Merul International Buddhist Monastery Badda and members of the Hindu community at the Dhakeshwari National Temple.
Improved meals were served to inmates in hospitals, prisons, old houses and orphanages to mark the day. All children’s parks and museums in the country remained open to everyone.
Bangladesh Navy vessels will be on display at Sadarghat in Dhaka, Pagla Naval Jetty in Narayanganj, Naval Jetty, New Mooring in Chattogram, BIWTA Rocket Ghat in Khulna, Digraj Naval Berth, Mongla, BIWTA ghats in Barishal and Chandpur from 2pm till sun sets.
Missions abroad will also celebrate the day through similar programs.
Different political parties, including the ruling Awami League, as well as socio-cultural and professional organizations, also organized various programs to observe the day appropriately.
AL’s program includes hoisting national and party flags atop Bangabandhu Bhaban as well as central and party offices across the country in the morning immediately after sunrise and paying rich tributes at the national memorial of Savar at 6 a.m.
AL leaders and workers also paid their respects to Bangabandhu Nation Father Sheikh Mujibur Rahman by laying wreaths on his portrait in front of Bangabandhu Memorial Museum at Dhanmondi road number-32.
A party delegation laid a wreath at the mausoleum of Bangabandhu at Tungipara in Gopalganj while doa and milad mahfil were laid there.
The Awami League will hold a discussion at the party’s central office on Bangabandhu Avenue at 3 p.m. on March 27.
AL President and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will chair the discussion via video conference from her official residence in Ganabhaban.
To mark this day, an electronic poster was published on the initiative of the National Committee for the implementation of the celebration of the centenary of the birth of the Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.
The national implementation committee asked everyone to widely distribute the e-poster in national dailies, electronic, online and social media.
Every year, March 26 brings the most tragic reminiscence of the blackest episode in history that heralded a bloody nine-month ordeal from the night of March 25, 1971, achieving the much-cherished independence on March 16 December of the same year at the cost of a sea of blood.
Following the military crackdown, nation father Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who became the undisputed leader of then-Pakistan following the massive victory of his party, the Awami League, in the 1970 general election, said the independence of Bangladesh by the then EPR (East Pakistan Rifles) wireless at 00-30 o’clock on March 26 (the night following March 25) in 1971 at his historic residence Road-32 in Dhanmondi here.
The great leader also called on the people to erect a strong resistance against the barbaric occupying forces of Pakistan.
The Pakistani military junta, in a bid to stop the legitimate Bangalee movement, arrested Bangabandhu that night after his declaration of independence.
Later, Bangabandhu was taken to the days of West Pakistan where he had to spend nine months in a dark, condemned cell.
Bangabandhu wrote the Declaration of Independence shortly after the Pakistani army cracked down on the fateful night of March 25, 1971.
The declaration of independence was soon broadcast by radio. The statement was first broadcast by League leader Awami MA Hannan from Kalurghat radio station in the port city of Chittagong on March 26, 1971.
The Pakistani military junta, in its monstrous outburst, unleashed a bloody holocaust shattering the silence of the night that followed March 25, 1971 when it mercilessly killed hundreds of sleeping innocent Bangalees, including teachers, students , policemen, soldiers, pedestrians and rickshaw pullers, here.
The nation quickly launched the war of liberation at the call of the father of the nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the early hours of March 26.
Bangladesh became an independent and sovereign country on December 16, 1971 with the surrender of the occupying Pakistani forces, who killed three million innocent civilians, carried out atrocities in two lakh Bangalee and burned down lakhs of homes across the country during the nine months bloody war.