Today in History: Today is Thursday, April 21, the 111th day of 2022.

By The Associated Press

Today’s highlight in the story:

On April 21, 1975, as communist forces closed in, South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu resigned after nearly 10 years in power and fled the country.

To this date :

In 1649, the Maryland Toleration Act, providing freedom of worship for all Christians, was passed by the Maryland assembly.

In 1836, an army of Texans led by Sam Houston defeated the Mexicans at San Jacinto, securing Texas independence.

In 1910, author Samuel Langhorne Clemens, better known as Mark Twain, died in Redding, Connecticut, at the age of 74.

In 1926, Queen Elizabeth II of Great Britain was born in Mayfair, London; she was the first child of the Duke and Duchess of York, who later became King George VI and Queen Mother.

In 1930, a fire broke out inside the overcrowded Ohio Penitentiary in Columbus, killing 332 inmates.

In 1976, clinical trials of the swine flu vaccine began in Washington, D.C.

In 1980, Rosie Ruiz was the first woman to cross the finish line at the Boston Marathon; however, she was later revealed to be a fraud. (Canadian Jacqueline Gareau was named the actual winner of the women’s race.)

In 1989, the film Field of Dreams was released in theaters.

In 1998, astronomers announced in Washington that they had discovered possible signs of a new family of planets orbiting a star 220 light-years away, the clearest evidence yet of worlds forming. beyond our solar system.

In 2015, an Egyptian criminal court sentenced ousted Islamist President Mohammed Morsi to 20 years in prison for the murder of protesters in 2012. (Morsi collapsed and died while on trial for espionage in June 2019.)

In 2016, Prince, one of the most inventive and influential musicians of modern times, was found dead in his suburban Minneapolis home; he was 57 years old.

In 2018, Barbara Bush was remembered as the “greatest generation first lady” at a Houston funeral attended by four former US presidents and hundreds more. Actor Verne Troyer, best known for his role as ‘Mini-Me’ in the ‘Austin Powers’ films, has died in Los Angeles aged 49; a coroner later ruled the death a suicide by alcohol intoxication.

In 2020, researchers reported that a malaria drug that had been widely touted by President Donald Trump for treating the coronavirus showed no benefit in a large study of its use in US veterans’ hospitals.

Ten years ago: Charles W. ‘Chuck’ Colson, 80, described as the Nixon administration’s ‘evil genius’ who served seven months in prison for a Watergate-related conviction, then spent the next 35 years tending to inmates, died in northern Virginia. Phil Humber pitched the first perfect game in the majors in nearly two years, leading the Chicago White Sox to a 4-0 victory over the Seattle Mariners.

Five years ago: A power outage in San Francisco attributed to a massive circuit breaker failure that sparked a fire at an electrical substation stranded people in elevators and left tens of thousands in the black.

A year ago: A black man, Andrew Brown Jr., was shot and killed by sheriff’s deputies in North Carolina while serving drug warrants at his home in Elizabeth City. (A prosecutor cleared the deputies, saying they were vindicated because Brown hit a deputy with his car while ignoring orders to show his hands and get out of the vehicle.) President Joe Biden announced new appropriations for tax for employers and other measures to encourage people who were reluctant to get inoculated to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Indonesian submarine with 53 crew on board goes missing after its last reported dive off the tourist island of Bali; officials later concluded that the submarine sank and broke up, killing all on board.

Today’s birthdays: Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II turns 96. Actress, comedian and writer Elaine May is 90 years old. Anti-death penalty activist Sister Helen Prejean is 83 years old.

Singer-musician Iggy Pop is 75 years old. Actor Patti LuPone is 73 years old. Actor Tony Danza is 71 years old. Actor James Morrison is 68 years old. Actor Andie MacDowell is 64 years old. Rock singer Robert Smith (The Cure) is 63 years old. Rock musician Michael Timmins (Cowboy Junkies) is 63 years old. Actor-director John Cameron Mitchell is 59. Rapper Michael Franti (Spearhead) is 56 years old. Actor Leslie Silva is 54 years old. Actor Toby Stephens is 53 years old. Singer-rock musician Glen Hansard (The Frames) is 52 years old. Actor Rob Riggle is 52 years old. Actress Nicole Sullivan is 52 years old. Soccer player turned actor Brian White is 49 years old. Olympic gold medalist pair skater Jamie Sale (sah-LAY’) is 45 years old. Rock musician Dave Brenner (Theory of a Deadman) is 44. Actor James McAvoy is 43 years old. quarterback Tony Romo is 42 years old. Actor Terrence J is 40 years old. Actor Gugu Mbatha-Raw is 39 years old. Actor Christoph Sanders is 34 years old. Actor Frank Dillane is 31 years old. Rock singer Sydney Sierota (Echosmith) is 25 years old.